Penerapan Sistem Demokrasi dalam Keluarga Sebagai Langkah Awal Penyetaraan Gender

Authors

  • Muhammad Fadhly Akbar Institut Agama Islam Nengeri (IAIN) Pontianak, Indonesia
  • Heriansyah Mahasiswa Pascasarjana Universitas Tanjungpura Pontianak, Indonesia

Keywords:

Demokrasi, Kesetaraan, Keluarga, Gender

Abstract

Gender equality efforts have severe challenges. Therefore it is necessary to have a democratic system in a family as an offer of solutions in the framework of the beginning of gender equality. This study used a descriptive qualitative approach and the type of the method was field research. Data sources are several families with patrilineal, matrilineal and bilateral systems. Data collection using interview and participatory observation methods are unstructured. Data will be analyzed using Jean-Jaques Rousseau's democratic theory with John Rawls's theory of justice as a supporting theory. The results of this research are; (1) democratic system is a system that is able to found justice, freedom and equality in line with the steps of gender equality, because between democracy and gender equality have the same spirit; it’s justice, equality and freedom; (2) the role of mothers as madrastul ula is very big support in efforts to give a stimulus of justice, equality, and freedom for children in early age; (3) the implementation of the democratic system in the family can be the first step for gender equality efforts both within the family environment itself and in the other social environments. This can be showen from how the division of rights and obligations in the family that implements a democratic system that is not gender biased

References

Alimi, Rosma & Nurwati, Nunung. Faktor Penyebab Terjadinya Kekerasan Dalam Rumah Tangga Terhadap Perempuan. JPPM. Vol. 2. No. 1. 2021.

Aminah, Mia Siti. Muslimah Career. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Grhatama. 2010.

Anggara, Sahya. Teori Keadilan John Rawls Kritik Terhadap Demokrasi Liberal. JISPO, Vol. 1. No. 1. 2016.

Azhari. Pendidikan Anak Dalam Dimensi Islam. Balikpapan: LPPM STIS Hidayatullah. 2013.

Dewi, I Dewa Ayu Dwika Puspita & Hartini, Nurul. Dinamika Forgiveness pada Istri yang Mengalami Kekerasan dalam Rumah Tangga (KDRT). INSAN Jurnal Psikologi dan Kesehatan Mental. Vol. 2. No. 1. 2017.

Hasanah, Ulfatun & Musyafak, Najahan. Gender and Politics: Keterlibatan Perempuan dalam Pembangunan Politik. Jurnal SAWWA. Vol. 12. No. 3. Oktober 2017.

Hasanuddin, Iqbal. Keadilan Sosial: Telaah atas Filsafat Politik John Rawls. Refleksi. Vol. 17. No. 2. Oktober 2018.

Huriyani, Yeni. Kekerasan Dalam Rumah Tangga (KDRT): Persoalan Privat Yang Jadi Persoalan Publik. Jurnal Legislasi Indonesia. Vol. 5. No. 3. September 2008.

Ismail, Zulkifli. et.al. Kesetaraan Gender Ditinjau dari Sudut Pandang Normatif dan Sosiologis. SAS I. Vol. 26. No.2. April -Juni 2020.

J. J Rousseau. Perihal Kontrak Sosial Atau Prinsip Hukum Politik. Jakarta: Dian Rakyat. 2010.

Jalaludin, Akhmad & Sofiani, Triana. Gender Relation Pattern in the Siri Marriage Family. MUWAZAH-Jurnal Kajian Gender. Vol.12. No. 2. 2020.

Joseph A. Schumpeter. Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy. London: George Allen and Unwin Ltd. 1943.

Kurniawan, Dhani. Demokrasi Indonesia dalam Lintasan Sejarah Yang Nyata dan Yang Seharusnya. MOZAIK Jurnal Kajian Sejaarah. Vol. 8. No. 1. 2016.

Masykuri, Abdillah. Demokrasi di Persimpangan Makna. Yogyakarta: Rineka Cipta. 1999.

Mufidah. Psikologi Keluarga Islam Berwawasan Gender. Malang: UIN-Maliki Press. 2013

Muntoha. Islam, Gender, dan HAM. UNISIA. Vol. 33. No. 73. Juli 2010.

Nugroho, Heru. Demokrasi Dan Demokratisasi: Sebuah Kerangka Konseptual Untuk Memahami Dinamika Sosial-Politik Di Indonesia. Jurnal Pemikiran Sosiologi. Vol. 1. No.1. Mei 2012.

Rahmawaty, Anita. Harmoni dalam Keluarga PeremPuan Karir: Upaya Mewujudkan Kesetaraan dan Keadilan Gender dalam Keluarga. Palastren. Vol. 8. No. 1. Juni 2015.

Ratnawati, Dewi. et.al. Gender Equality On Nahdlatul Ulama And Muhammadiyah Perspective. Palastren. Vol. 13. No. 2. Desember 2020.

Rosana, Ellya. Negara Demokrasi Dan Hak Asasi Manusia. Jurnal TAPIs. Vol. 12. No. 1. Januari-Juni 2016.

Rose, Mitch. Hesitant Democracy: Equality, Inequality and the Time of Politics. Political Geography. Vol. 68. January 2019.

Salihima, Syamsulbahri. Perkembangan Pemikiran Pembagian Warisan. Jakarta: Prenadamedia Group. 2015

Syahputra, Heru. Posisi Agama dalam Perbincangan Gender. Aqlania: Jurnal Filsafat dan Teologi Islam. Vol. 11. No. 1. Januari-Juni 2020.

Wijaya, Daya Negri. Jean-Jaques Rousseau Dalam Demokrasi Politik Indonesi. Indonesian Political Science Review. Vol. 1. No. 1. January 2016.

Williams, Neil S. et.al. Gender Differences in the Impact of Electoral Victory on Satisfaction with Democracy. Electoral Studies. Vol. 69. February 2021.

Published

2021-12-29